Pseudo-Ephraim

A Latin apocalyptic sermon most striking for making the collapse of the Roman Empire the last sign of the End Times. It seems to refer to the last wars between the (Byzantine) Romans and Persians during the reign of Herakleios, which ended in AD 628. It seems certain, following the studies of Reinink and Kortekaas, that material was translated from a now-lost Greek text. The Latin, as it stands, seems closely related in places to Petrus Monachus’s translation of Pseudo-Methodius early in the eighth century.

Edition: Verhelst, in Pascua Mediaevalia (1983).

Translation: C. Rhoades (based on the faulty 1890 edition by Caspari).

Key manuscripts: Paris, BnF, lat. 13348 (provenance Corbie, mid-eighth century); Vatican, Barb. lat. 671 (Italy, mid-eighth century); St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 108 (St Gall, c. AD 800); Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. Perg. 196 (provenance Reichenau, ninth century).

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